Model, scaffold and gradually release responsibility for QAR to students before asking them to engage this strategy independently.
- Select a central text. Select a passage from the central text.
- Read the text aloud while students follow along in their heads. Allow students to read the text a second time with a partner.
- Have students write text-dependent questions based on the reading in the margins or on sticky notes.
- Record and post students’ questions in a visible location.
- Identify which questions are "right there" and which questions require "think and search."
- “Right there” questions are literal and reference material found in the text and can usually be answered by quickly scanning or rereading.
- “Think and search” questions can also be answered by the text but are more demanding of students and require them to carefully reread the text in order to determine and then be able to explain what it says.
- Identify which questions are inferential or “in my head” questions.
- Answers to these types of questions are not explicitly in the text but rather require students to consider what the author has included in the text in concert with their own reasoning.
- “On my own” questions require students to rely only on their interpretation, experience and understanding of the author’s perspective.
- Choose a number of questions from the displayed student-generated list. Ensure that these questions include literal, analytical and inferential questions.
- Have students practice answering the QARs in pairs using the QAR worksheet. Remind students that every answer needs to include textual evidence and point to specific page numbers from the text. This evidence will help support their ideas and claims.