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Civil Discourse in the Classroom
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Andrews, R. (1994). Democracy and the teaching of argument. The English Journal, 83(6). 62-69.

Barber, B.R. (1989). Public talk and civic action: Education for participation in a strong democracy. Social Education, 53(6). 355-370.

California High School Speech Association Curriculum Committee (2004). Speaking Across the Curriculum. New York: IDEA Press.


CHOICES Curriculum Series 

Clark, L.H., & Starr, I.S. (1991). Secondary and Middle School Teaching Methods, 6th edition. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

Dillon, J.T. (1994). Using discussion in classrooms. Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Gearon, L. (Ed.), 2003. Learning To Teach Citizenship In the Secondary School. RoutledgeFalmer, New York.

Hess, D. (2002). The pedagogical issues of teaching controversial public issues discussions in secondary social studies classrooms. The School Field, 13(3/4). 113-131.

Hess, D. & Posselt, J. (2002). How high school students experience and learn from the discussion of controversial public issues. Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 17(4). 283-314.

Huddleston, T, and Rowe, D. (2003, p.122-123) in Gearon, L. (Ed.), 2003. Learning to teach citizenship in the secondary school. RoutledgeFalmer, New York.


Middle School Public Debate Program  

National Council for the Social Studies. Dealing with controversial issues.  

Shuster, K. & Meany, J. (2004). Speak Out! Debate and Public Speaking in the Middle Grades. New York: IDEA Press.

Shuster, K. (2007). Is Television A Bad Influence? (What Do You Think?). New York: Heinemann.

Shuster, K. (2007). Is Homework A Waste of Time? (What Do You Think?). New York: Heinemann.

Shuster, K. (2008). Can the Earth Support its Growing Population? (What Do You Think?). New York: Heinemann.

Shuster, K. (2008). Is There Life on Other Planets? (What Do You Think?). New York: Heinemann.

Silin, J. (2004). Introduction. In Talking Tough Topics in the Classroom. Ed. Bank Street College of Education. 

Group of adults listening to one person speaking.

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Join us this summer in Mississippi and Alabama for low-cost, weeklong, place-based, immersive learning experiences that support educators' capacities to implement social justice education. Applications are open now until April 16.

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