The school-to-prison pipeline represents an intersection of complex issues, including race, class, education and the American justice system. Learn more by exploring the following research.
Bureau of Justice Statistics. Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics, local police departments (1997, 2000, 2003 and 2007).
“Education on Lockdown: The Schoolhouse to Jailhouse Track.” Advancement Project (March 2005).
“Education Under Arrest: The Case Against Police in Schools.” Justice Policy Institute (November 2011).
Fabelo, Tony; Michael D. Thompson, Martha Plotkin, Dottie Carmichael, Miner P. Marchbanks III, and Eric A Booth. Breaking Schools’ Rules: A Statewide Study of How School Discipline Relates to Students’ Success and Juvenile Justice Involvement. Justice Center, the Council of State Governments, Public Policy Research Institute (July 2011).
Losen, Daniel J. “Discipline Policies, Successful Schools, and Racial Justice.” National Education Policy Center, School of Education, University of Colorado Boulder (October 2011).
Losen, Daniel J., and Jonathan Gillespie. “Opportunities Suspended: The Disparate Impact of Disciplinary Exclusion From School.” The Center for Civil Rights Remedies at the Civil Rights Project at UCLA (2012).
Quinn, Mary Magee; Robert B. Rutherford, Peter E. Leone, David M. Osher, and Jeffrey M. Poirier. “Youth With Disabilities in Juvenile Corrections: A National Survey.” Exceptional Children 71 (2005): 339-345.
U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights, Civil Rights Data Collection, 2009-2010 Statistics.