- Select a central text for students to read independently.
- Provide each student with a set of index cards. (The number will vary depending on grade level, student ability, length of reading and time constraints. Consider beginning with one index card while students get comfortable with the process.)
- Instruct students to read and choose sentences from the text that they think are important. Students should choose quotes that pertain to: the text’s central idea; how individuals, ideas or events develop over the course of the text; the author’s style or point of view; and important words and phrases that impact the meaning or tone of the piece. Regardless of the topic, the quote should illicit meaningful discussion.
- Have students write their chosen quote on one side of an index card and their reason for choosing it on the other. When possible, their reasoning should reference the text and reflect consideration of its message.
- Model this process with a familiar passage from a previously read text. In addition to modeling, consider checking students’ quotes or having them share their quotes with a partner before writing the explanation for their choice on the back of the index card. This allows students the opportunity to re-think and revise their quotes as necessary.
- If they’ve chosen more than one quote, have students order their cards from most important to least.
- Put students in small groups to share their cards. Group size may vary.
- Have the first student begin by reading one of her sentences to the group. One at a time, group members should briefly respond to the quote, referring to the text and its ideas when possible. Students should have the central text in front of them so they can easily point to specific passages to support their claims and ideas. The presenting student gets the “last word” by turning her card over and explaining why she chose that part of the text.
- Monitor the ongoing discussion as students read their selections, listen to their group’s responses and explain about their own reasons for choosing a particular selection. Repeat the process until all students have read through all their cards.