This text is part of the Teaching Hard History Text Library and aligns with Key Concept 5.
“Speaking of the possibility of the emancipation of slavery, he [previous speaker] very happily showed to non-slaveholders here, what their condition would be in such an event [emancipation]. It would terminate in amalgamation or extermination …Shall the African rule here? No! We will not be governed by the African; neither will we be by the Yankees! We must secede. Georgia will lead off, South Carolina will go with her, Alabama will soon follow, and Mississippi will not be long behind her.
Within eighteen months we will have the whole South with us, and more than that; we will extend our borders, we will have New Mexico, Utah, and California. Utah already has slaves. We will march into California, and we will ask them if they will have slaves, and her people will answer, Ay, we will have slaves. And what of Mexico? Why, when we are ready for them, and her people are fitted to come among us, we will take her too, or as much of her as we want.”